MQTT X Guideline

2020-02-11

Before introduction and use, readers can visit our GitHub or website to understand and get the information of latest version. MQTT X is undergoing rapid development and iterations, and the latest version will help improve the using experience.

Download

Please download the right version from GitHub Releases and install it for use.

If there is a network problem resulting in a slow network speed or a jam in the GitHub download process, you can also go to the EMQ website to select the right version that matches your requirement and install it for use.

MQTT Broker Preparation

  • If you don't have an MQTT broker deployed locally, you can use the public MQTT service provided by EMQ X Cloud for quick testing:
Broker Address: broker.emqx.io
Broker TCP Port: 1883
Broker SSL Port: 8883
  • If you plan to deploy MQTT Broker locally, we recommend that you download EMQ X for installation and use. EMQ X is a fully open source, highly available, low latency, million-level distributed IoT MQTT 5.0 message server.

    Quickly install EMQ X by using Docker:

docker run -d --name emqx -p 1883:1883 -p 8083:8083 -p 8883:8883 -p 8084:8084 -p 18083:18083 emqx/emqx

Connection Profiles

After MQTT Broker is ready, enter the main program page and click the "+" in the menu bar on the left. If there is no data on the page, you can also click the New Connection button on the right to quickly configure a new client connection.

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After entering the New Connection page, you need to configure or fill in the relevant information relevant to the client connection. The reader can configure all settings that define the Broker connection here, such as Broker Host,Broker Port, Client ID,Username, Password,Clean Session, .etc.

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  1. Broker information

    When configuring the Broker information,Client ID, Host, andPort are already filled in by default. You can also modify it yourself based on the actual Broker information. Click the refresh button on the right of Client ID to quickly generate a new Client ID.

  2. User authentication information

    If your broker has enabled user authentication, you can fill in the information of username and password in the configuration item.

  3. SSL/TLS

    When you need to enable SSL / TLS authentication, you only need to set the SSL / TLS in the configuration to true, and provide two methods of CA signed self and Self signed.

    If you select Self signed, you can configure the certificate. Click the folder button on the far right and select the certificates that has been generated. For one-way connection,you just need to select your CA File. For two-way authentication, you also need to choose to configure Client Certificate File and Client key file.

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  1. Advanced configuration

    In advanced configuration, you can configure Connect Timeout,KeepAlive, Clean Session,Auto Reconnect, MQTT Version and other information.

  2. MQTT v5.0

    In advanced configuration, you can select the protocol version of MQTT. Both MQTT v3.1.1 and MQTT v5.0 are supported and the default is v3.1.1. If you choose v5.0, you can also configure Session Expiry Interval,Receive Maximum (optional).

  3. Will message

    In the configuration card under the advanced configuration, you can configure the will message. The values of Last-Will-QoS andLast-Will-Retain are filled with 0 and False by default. You only need to fill the value of Last-Will-Topic and Last-Will-Payload to complete the configuration of the will message.

Publish

After the connection is successfully created, you can enter the main interface of the connection. Click the fold button next to the connection name at the top to expand and display several basic information about the configuration and Quickly modify the common configuration of the connection. When modifying, you need to disconnect. After clicking the connection again, the modification will take effect. In the disconnected state, you can also click the configuration button on the right to modify more connection configurations.

After the connection is established, you can simply enter Topic andPayload in the input boxes at the bottom of the connection main page, and then click the button in the lower right corner to send a test message. macOS users can use the command + enter shortcut to quickly send messages, and other users can use thecontrol + enter shortcut for that.

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Subscribe

Click the New Subscription button in the lower left corner to quickly subscribe to a topic. After the topic is successfully subscribed, it will start accepting messages immediately.

Each Topic is assigned a color mark at random. You can also open the color picker to customize the color of the mark. You can hide the subscription list to show more space by clicking the rightmost button at the top of the subscription list.

When hovering over a card in the Topic list, click the red button in the upper right corner to quickly unsubscribe.

Let's create a new test connection for the message publishing test. Fill in the Topic information you just subscribed to in the lower right corner of the page, input the content of the Payload, and click the send button on the far right to send a message to the connected client that subscribed to the Topic .

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If the sending client also subscribes to the same topic, the client will immediately receive the message after sending successfully. Note that in the message box, the right column is the sent message, and the left column is the received message.

Others

  1. Setting

    You need to click the settings button at the bottom of the left menu bar, or use shortcut keys to jump to the settings page. MacOS users can use command +, shortcut keys. Other users can use control +, shortcut keys. The current supported setting includes language, whether to automatically check for updates and topic selection .

  2. Drop-down menu on the message page

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Through the button of All,Received, Published in the upper right corner of the message bar, it can filter out all messages, received messages, and published messages.

Click the action bar button at the top and select the Search by Topic item to open the function of searching and filtering messages by Topic. Shortcut key can be used for that. MacOS users can use the command + f shortcut key. Other users can use the control + f shortcut key.

Select the Clear Histroy item to quickly clear all sent and received messages in the current connection.

Select the Disconnect and Delete Connection items to quickly disconnect and delete the current connection.

  1. Check for updates

    Click the i button on the left bottom to display the About page to learn about the version of MQTT X and related information of EMQ X . Click Check for Updates to check if there are newer versions.

mqttxupdate.png

The above is a brief overview of how to use MQTT X. Readers can use MQTT X entirety through the manual on GitHub.

This project is based on the Apache 2.0 open source protocol. In the process of using, you can go to GitHub issues to submit issues, discuss opinions or submit PR to us. We will carefully review and respond to all questions.